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Strong and independent Constitutional Court is an indispensable element in the development of Latvia as a democratic state governed by the rule of law. The Constitutional Court, being the guardian of the Satversme, defends the fundamental values and freedoms of all individuals in Latvia.

The judicial power protects justice as one of the fundamental values of a state governed by the rule of law and acts in society’s interests. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 12 November 2015 in Case No. 2015-06-01, Para 11.1.)

The Constitutional Court’s task is to ensure, in line with its competence, the existence of such legal system, in which, as fully and comprehensibly as possible, a regulation that is incompatible with the Satversme or legal norms (acts) of higher legal force would be eliminated, as well as to provide its assessment on constitutionally important matters. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 7 April 2009 in Case No. 2008-35-01, Para 11.2.)

The Preamble to the Satversme provides that the State of Latvia was established to ensure freedom and promote welfare of the people of Latvia and each individual. Thus, one of the State’s tasks is to promote the welfare of Latvia’s society. To this end, democratic state order has been created in Latvia. The most effective exercise of human rights and freedoms is possible in the conditions of democracy. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 2 July 2015 in Case No. 2015-01-01, Para 15.1.)

Human dignity and the value of each individual is the substance of human rights. Therefore, in a democratic state governed by the rule of law, both the legislator, in adopting legal norms, and the party applying the legal norms, in the application thereof, must respect human dignity. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 19 December 2017 in Case No. 2017-02-03, Para 19.1.)


News

28.02.2024.

The Constitutional Court holds a conference on harmonious interaction between the national, international and European Union law

On 1 March 2024, to mark the 20th anniversary of Latvia’s membership in the European Union, the Constitutional Court will hold international conference “The Role of the Constitutional Courts in Concretising the Shared Values Uniting Europe” to initiate discussion among the European national constitutional courts, the Court of Justice of the European Union and the […]

19.02.2024.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia will provide support for the development of the justice in Ukraine

Today, on 19 February, within the framework of the European Union and the Council of Europe Joint Programme “The Partnership for Good Governance”, the project “Support to development of constitutional justice in Ukraine”, which will last until August 2025, was launched. Judges and employees of the Latvian and Ukrainian Constitutional Courts, as well as representatives […]

21.12.2023.

At the 137th Plenary Session of the Venice Commission, the President of the Constitutional Court of Latvia is elected Vice-Chair of the Sub-commission on Democratic Institutions

On December 15 and 16, President of the Constitutional Court of Latvia Aldis Laviņš participated in the 137th Plenary Session of the Venice Commission, where opinions on constitutional law issues affecting the Commission’s member states were approved. On December 16, at the plenary session of the Venice Commission, the President of the Constitutional Court of Latvia […]

15.12.2023.

Restriction on the full participation of a Member of the Saeima non-vaccinated against COVID-19 in the work of the Saeima is unconstitutional

The Constitutional Court held that the norms which established vaccination against COVID-19 as a precondition for participation in the work of the Saeima as a Member of the Saeima did not comply with the first part of Article 101 of the Constitution. The Constitutional Court emphasised that every Member of the Saeima had a fundamental role […]

14.12.2023.

Obligation of local governments to dismantle objects glorifying the Soviet regime is constitutional

The Constitutional Court held that the norms imposing an obligation on local governments to dismantle objects glorifying the Soviet regime, partly financing their dismantling from their own budget, were compatible with Article 1 and the first sentence of the second part of Article 101 of the Constitution. The Constitutional Court emphasised that the contested norms concretised the […]

05.12.2023.

Calculation of the period for the revocation of citizenship in cases where a person has acted in bad faith in the process of acquiring citizenship comply with the Constitution

The Constitutional Court recognised as compatible with the first sentence of Article 91 of the Constitution the provision which establishes calculation of the period for the revocation of Latvian citizenship in cases where, in the process of restoration of the rights of a citizen or naturalisation, a person has provided false information or concealed facts relating […]

17.11.2023.

Case brought before the Constitutional Court regarding the provision denying the right for a defence counsel to sign a complaint addressed to a court in an administrative offence case

A case regarding compliance of Section 185, Paragraph four of the Law on Administrative Liability with the fourth sentence of Article 92 of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia has been brought before the Constitutional Court. The contested provision stipulates that a complaint addressed to a court against a decision in an administrative offence case shall […]

08.11.2023.

The Constitutional Court of Latvia terminates legal proceedings in the case on the norm which denies the right to old-age pension to those persons whose permanent place of residence is not in Latvia

On 7 November 2023, the Constitutional Court of Latvia adopted a decision on termination of legal proceedings in a case contesting a norm which denies the right to old-age pension to those persons whose permanent place of residence at the time of applying for the pension is not in the territory of Latvia. Case No. […]

26.10.2023.

President of the Constitutional Court of Latvia Aldis Laviņš attends the international conference in Kosovo and emphasises the importance of constitutional identity of countries in safeguarding democracy and the rule of law in Europe

From 22 to 25 October, the President of the Constitutional Court of Latvia Aldis Laviņš and Adviser to the President Andrejs Stupins participated in the conference “The Contribution of Constitutional Courts in Protecting and Strengthening Fundamental Values of Democracy, Rule of Law, and Fundamental Human Rights and Freedoms” organised by the Constitutional Court of the Republic […]

23.10.2023.

New episode of the “Tversme” podcast with the President of European Court of Human Rights Siofra O’Leary

Today the Constitutional Court of Latvia publishes the thirteenth episode of the “Tversme” podcast where President of the Constitutional Court of Latvia Aldis Laviņš and President of European Court of Human Rights Siofra O’Leary are discussing challenges faced by the European Court of Human Rights, significance of judicial dialogue and bringing justice to everyone. Episode […]