Strong and independent Constitutional Court is an indispensable element in the development of Latvia as a democratic state governed by the rule of law. The Constitutional Court, being the guardian of the Satversme, defends the fundamental values and freedoms of all individuals in Latvia.

The judicial power protects justice as one of the fundamental values of a state governed by the rule of law and acts in society’s interests. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 12 November 2015 in Case No. 2015-06-01, Para 11.1.)

The Constitutional Court’s task is to ensure, in line with its competence, the existence of such legal system, in which, as fully and comprehensibly as possible, a regulation that is incompatible with the Satversme or legal norms (acts) of higher legal force would be eliminated, as well as to provide its assessment on constitutionally important matters. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 7 April 2009 in Case No. 2008-35-01, Para 11.2.)

The Preamble to the Satversme provides that the State of Latvia was established to ensure freedom and promote welfare of the people of Latvia and each individual. Thus, one of the State’s tasks is to promote the welfare of Latvia’s society. To this end, democratic state order has been created in Latvia. The most effective exercise of human rights and freedoms is possible in the conditions of democracy. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 2 July 2015 in Case No. 2015-01-01, Para 15.1.)

Human dignity and the value of each individual is the substance of human rights. Therefore, in a democratic state governed by the rule of law, both the legislator, in adopting legal norms, and the party applying the legal norms, in the application thereof, must respect human dignity. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 19 December 2017 in Case No. 2017-02-03, Para 19.1.)


News

18.06.2021.

Information concerning the applications received and cases initiated at the Constitutional Court concerning restrictions related to the Covid-19 pandemic

Since emergency situation was declared in Latvia in the spring of 2020 until 16 June 2021 the Constitutional Court has received 33 applications pertaining to restrictions related to the Covid‑19 pandemic. 32 applications were constitutional complaints submitted by private persons (three of these applications were collective ones, with multiple applicants). One application was received from a municipal […]

18.06.2021.

Information regarding cases on the reform of the language of education

In 2018 the Parliament and the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia adopted and amended a series of legislative acts with the aim to promote the use of the official language in the educational process, starting with pre-school education and ending with higher education. Several issues pertaining to the reform of the language […]

04.06.2021.

Information regarding the judgment of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia in case no. 2020-39-02 on the compliance of the Istanbul Convention with the Constitution of Latvia

On 4 June 2021 the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia (hereinafter – the Constitutional Court) adopted a judgment in case no. 2020-39-02 “On the Compliance of Article 3(c), Article 4(3), Article 12(1) of the Council of Europe Convention of 11 May 2011 Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence […]

21.05.2021.

German Ambassador to Latvia Christian Heldt visits the Constitutional Court

On Friday, 21 May, the President of the Constitutional Court Sanita Osipova met with Christian Heldt, Ambassador of Germany to Latvia. The parties discussed the importance of a constitution and the values enshrined in it, accentuating the role of a constitutional court in the implementation of those values. Sanita Osipova argued that, nowadays, society is […]

18.05.2021.

Justices of the Constitutional Court of Latvia and Judge of the European Court of Human Rights Mārtiņš Mits talk about recent developments in the courts’ case law

On Friday, 14 May, Justices of the Constitutional Court met remotely with Mārtiņš Mits, judge of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). The judges discussed legal matters of current importance, the recent case law of the two courts, and talked about methodological issues. The President of the Constitutional Court Sanita Osipova underscored the need for […]