Strong and independent Constitutional Court is an indispensable element in the development of Latvia as a democratic state governed by the rule of law. The Constitutional Court, being the guardian of the Satversme, defends the fundamental values and freedoms of all individuals in Latvia.

The judicial power protects justice as one of the fundamental values of a state governed by the rule of law and acts in society’s interests. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 12 November 2015 in Case No. 2015-06-01, Para 11.1.)

The Constitutional Court’s task is to ensure, in line with its competence, the existence of such legal system, in which, as fully and comprehensibly as possible, a regulation that is incompatible with the Satversme or legal norms (acts) of higher legal force would be eliminated, as well as to provide its assessment on constitutionally important matters. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 7 April 2009 in Case No. 2008-35-01, Para 11.2.)

The Preamble to the Satversme provides that the State of Latvia was established to ensure freedom and promote welfare of the people of Latvia and each individual. Thus, one of the State’s tasks is to promote the welfare of Latvia’s society. To this end, democratic state order has been created in Latvia. The most effective exercise of human rights and freedoms is possible in the conditions of democracy. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 2 July 2015 in Case No. 2015-01-01, Para 15.1.)

Human dignity and the value of each individual is the substance of human rights. Therefore, in a democratic state governed by the rule of law, both the legislator, in adopting legal norms, and the party applying the legal norms, in the application thereof, must respect human dignity. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 19 December 2017 in Case No. 2017-02-03, Para 19.1.)


News

22.07.2021.

Annual Report 2020

Report on the work of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia in 2020 is available here.

08.07.2021.

A case initiated with regard to the provisions that put an obligation on merchants selling electricity under mandatory procurement to use efficiently the thermal energy produced

On 30 June 2021, the 4th Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On compliance of Section 313(1) and (3) of the Electricity Market Law and paragraphs 21.3, 28, 30, 31, 48.4 of and Annex 3 to the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No 560 of 2 September 2020 ‘Regulation on the production of electricity […]

07.07.2021.

President of the Constitutional Court Sanita Osipova and the Constitutional Court Justice Gunārs Kusiņš take part in an international conference on equality and the rule of law

On 5–7 July, the Constitutional Court President Sanita Osipova and Justice Gunārs Kusiņš are attending the international conference Equality and the Rule of Law: Contributions of the International Courts, which is taking place in Madrid, the Kingdom of Spain. On the second day of the conference, the President of the Constitutional Court Sanita Osipova spoke […]