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Strong and independent Constitutional Court is an indispensable element in the development of Latvia as a democratic state governed by the rule of law. The Constitutional Court, being the guardian of the Satversme, defends the fundamental values and freedoms of all individuals in Latvia.

The judicial power protects justice as one of the fundamental values of a state governed by the rule of law and acts in society’s interests. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 12 November 2015 in Case No. 2015-06-01, Para 11.1.)

The Constitutional Court’s task is to ensure, in line with its competence, the existence of such legal system, in which, as fully and comprehensibly as possible, a regulation that is incompatible with the Satversme or legal norms (acts) of higher legal force would be eliminated, as well as to provide its assessment on constitutionally important matters. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 7 April 2009 in Case No. 2008-35-01, Para 11.2.)

The Preamble to the Satversme provides that the State of Latvia was established to ensure freedom and promote welfare of the people of Latvia and each individual. Thus, one of the State’s tasks is to promote the welfare of Latvia’s society. To this end, democratic state order has been created in Latvia. The most effective exercise of human rights and freedoms is possible in the conditions of democracy. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 2 July 2015 in Case No. 2015-01-01, Para 15.1.)

Human dignity and the value of each individual is the substance of human rights. Therefore, in a democratic state governed by the rule of law, both the legislator, in adopting legal norms, and the party applying the legal norms, in the application thereof, must respect human dignity. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 19 December 2017 in Case No. 2017-02-03, Para 19.1.)


News

11.07.2022.

A case initiated with respect to prohibition to import mink into the territory of Latvia

On 7 July 2022, the 2nd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On Compliance of Para 244 of the Cabinet Regulation of 28 September 2021 No. 662 “Epidemiological Safety Measures for the Containment of the Spread of Covid-19 Infection” with Article 105 of the Satversme of the Republic of Latvia”. The Contested Norm Para 244 of the Cabinet […]

06.07.2022.

A case has been initiated regarding the order by the Minister for Environmental Protection and Regional Development, by which the Spatial Planning of Riga was suspended

On 29 June 2002, the 2nd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On Compliance of the Oder by the Minister for Environmental Protection and Regional Development of 22 March 2022 No. 1‑2/2224 “On Suspending the Binding Regulation of the Riga City Council of 15 December 2021 No. 103 “Binding Regulation on the Use of and Construction in the Territory of Riga” with […]

05.07.2022.

One more case initiated with respect to norms that envisage the legal right to use the land to the owner of the building and defines the amount of payment of exercising this right

On 11 July 2022, the 2nd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On Compliance of the First Part and the First and Second Sentence of the Second Part of Section 38 of the Law “On the Date of Entering into Force and the Procedure of Application of Introduction and Parts of Inheritance Law and Property Law of […]

21.06.2022.

A case initiated with respect to a norm that defines a repeated tax offence

On 14 June 2022, the 1st Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On Compliance of Para 2 of Section 324 (2) of the Law “On Taxes and Fees” with the Second Sentence of Article 92 of the Satversme of the Republic of Latvia”, on the basis of the Senate’s application (application No. 101/2022). The Contested Norm Section 324 (2) of the […]

17.06.2022.

Annual Report 2021

Report on the work of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia in 2021 is available here.

14.06.2022.

The Constitutional Court recognises that confiscation of criminally acquired property within the framework of insolvency proceedings does not infringe the principle of legal equality in relation to the creditor; in the remaining part of the case, the Constitutional Court terminates the proceedings

On 23 May 2022, the Constitutional Court rendered a judgement in Case No. 2021‑18‑01 “On the Compliance of Section 7011, Paragraph Four of the Criminal Law and Section 358, Paragraph One of the Criminal Procedure Law with the first sentence of Article 91 and Article 105 of the Satversme of the Republic of Latvia”. The […]

13.06.2022.

A case initiated with respect to the right to familiarise oneself with the case materials in proceedings regarding criminally acquired property

On 7 June 2022, the 1st Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On Compliance of the Fourth and the Fifth Part of Section 627 of the Criminal Procedure Law with the First Sentence of Article 92 of the Satversme of the Republic of Latvia”. The Contested Norms Pursuant to Section 627 (4) of the Criminal Procedure Law, […]

08.06.2022.

A case initiated with respect to the obligation of a Member of the Saeima to get vaccinated against Covid-19

On 7 June 2022, the 2nd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On Compliance of Section 2 of the Law “On Temporary Additional Requirements for the Work of Members of the Saeima and Councillors of Local Government Councils” with Article 96 and the First Part of Article 101 of the Satversme of the Republic of Latvia”. The Contested Norm Pursuant […]

20.05.2022.

The norms setting the time-limit for submitting an appeal in particularly complex and voluminous criminal proceedings are compatible with the Satversme

On 14 April 2022, the Constitutional Court adopted a judgement in the case No. 2021-38-01 “On the compliance of Section 529, Paragraph One, Clause 31 and Section 550, Paragraph One of the Criminal Procedure Law with the first sentence of Article 92 of the Satversme of the Republic of Latvia”. The contested norms In accordance with Section 529, […]

19.05.2022.

A case has been initiated against the Minister’s order suspending the amendments to the binding regulations on increasing the entry fee in Jūrmala

On 3 May 2022 the 2nd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated a case “On the Decision of the Minister of Environmental Protection and Regional Development of 16 December 2021 No. 1 2/168 “On the Binding Regulation of the Jūrmala City Council of 30 September 2021 No. 38 “Amendments to the Jūrmala City Council Regulation […]

19.05.2022.

Another case initiated on the right to inspect the case file in proceedings regarding criminally acquired property

On 8 April 2022, the 2nd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On compliance of Section 627, Paragraph four and five of the Criminal Procedure Law with the first sentence of Article 92 of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia”. The contested provisions According to Section 627, Paragraph four of the Criminal Procedure Law, the case materials […]

05.05.2022.

Justices of the Constitutional Court with Minister for Justice Jānis Bordāns discuss the need for amendments to the Constitutional Court Law

Today, 5 May, the Justices of the Constitutional Court met with Jānis Bordāns, the Deputy Prime Minister, Minister for Justice. During the meeting, the Parties discussed the need for amendments to the Constitutional Court Law, the introduction of the e-file and the effective enforcement of Constitutional Court’s judgements. Jānis Bordāns, the Minister for Justice, was […]