Strong and independent Constitutional Court is an indispensable element in the development of Latvia as a democratic state governed by the rule of law. The Constitutional Court, being the guardian of the Satversme, defends the fundamental values and freedoms of all individuals in Latvia.

The judicial power protects justice as one of the fundamental values of a state governed by the rule of law and acts in society’s interests. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 12 November 2015 in Case No. 2015-06-01, Para 11.1.)

The Constitutional Court’s task is to ensure, in line with its competence, the existence of such legal system, in which, as fully and comprehensibly as possible, a regulation that is incompatible with the Satversme or legal norms (acts) of higher legal force would be eliminated, as well as to provide its assessment on constitutionally important matters. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 7 April 2009 in Case No. 2008-35-01, Para 11.2.)

The Preamble to the Satversme provides that the State of Latvia was established to ensure freedom and promote welfare of the people of Latvia and each individual. Thus, one of the State’s tasks is to promote the welfare of Latvia’s society. To this end, democratic state order has been created in Latvia. The most effective exercise of human rights and freedoms is possible in the conditions of democracy. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 2 July 2015 in Case No. 2015-01-01, Para 15.1.)

Human dignity and the value of each individual is the substance of human rights. Therefore, in a democratic state governed by the rule of law, both the legislator, in adopting legal norms, and the party applying the legal norms, in the application thereof, must respect human dignity. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 19 December 2017 in Case No. 2017-02-03, Para 19.1.)


News

03.09.2021.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia and the Court of Justice of the European Union lay flowers at the Freedom Monument and write a message in the Book of Freedom, paying tribute to freedom and the common European values of the rule of law

On Thursday, 2 September, Sanita Osipova, the President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia, and Koen Lenaerts, the President of the Court of Justice of the European Union, laid flowers at the Freedom Monument, thus paying tribute to the idea of freedom as a cornerstone of human fundamental rights. Freedom is one […]

02.09.2021.

Cour Constitutionnelle de Lettonie et la Cour de Justice de l’Union européenne convient les cours constitutionnelles à dialoguer sur l’importance à accorder dans l’Union européenne aux traditions constitutionnelles

Aujourd’hui le 2 septembre débute la conférence de la Cour constitutionnelle et la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne “UNIS DANS LA DIVERSITÉ : ENTRE LES TRADITIONS CONSTITUTIONNELLES COMMUNES ET LES IDENTITÉS NATIONALES”. C’est la première fois que les juges des cours constitutionnelles et leurs homologues de la Cour de justice se réunissent dans un […]

02.09.2021.

Constitutional Court of Latvia and the Court of Justice of the European Union host a conference between the constitutional courts of EU Member States to discuss the importance of constitutional traditions in the European Union

Today, 2 September, a two-day conference co-organised by the Constitutional Court of Latvia and the Court of Justice of the European Union “EUnited in diversity: between common constitutional traditions and national identities” will begin. This will be the first time in the history of the European Union that judges from the constitutional courts of the […]

22.07.2021.

Annual Report 2020

Report on the work of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia in 2020 is available here.

08.07.2021.

A case initiated with regard to the provisions that put an obligation on merchants selling electricity under mandatory procurement to use efficiently the thermal energy produced

On 30 June 2021, the 4th Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On compliance of Section 313(1) and (3) of the Electricity Market Law and paragraphs 21.3, 28, 30, 31, 48.4 of and Annex 3 to the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No 560 of 2 September 2020 ‘Regulation on the production of electricity […]

07.07.2021.

President of the Constitutional Court Sanita Osipova and the Constitutional Court Justice Gunārs Kusiņš take part in an international conference on equality and the rule of law

On 5–7 July, the Constitutional Court President Sanita Osipova and Justice Gunārs Kusiņš are attending the international conference Equality and the Rule of Law: Contributions of the International Courts, which is taking place in Madrid, the Kingdom of Spain. On the second day of the conference, the President of the Constitutional Court Sanita Osipova spoke […]

05.07.2021.

Joining Ilūkste municipality to Augšdaugava municipality and joining Ozolnieki municipality to Jelgava municipality does not comply with the Constitution. In respect of the municipalities of Jaunjelgava, Carnikava, Rugāji, Iecava, Rundāle, Auce, Sala, Salacgrīva, Aloja, Babīte, Kandava, and Mazsalaca, the administrative-territorial reform complies with the Constitution

On 21 June 2021, the Constitutional Court passed a judgment in Case No 2020-41-0106 “On compliance of sub-paragraphs 8.5, 8.7, 8.8, 8.16, 8.17, 8.19, 8.20, 10.2, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.17, 10.18, 10.21, 10.23, 11.2, 12.10, 12.13, 13.8, 13.9, 13.13, 13.16, 13.20, 16.2, 16.5, 16.11, 16.14, 16.18, 16.19, 16.20, 18.1, 18.8, 18.10, 19.18, 19.20, 23.1, 23.2, […]

02.07.2021.

A case initiated with regard to the transitional provision of the Construction Law which restricts an individual’s right to continue independent practice in design

On 14 June 2021, the 2nd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On the compliance of the first sentence of Paragraph 4 of the Transitional Provisions of the Construction Law with Article 1, the first sentence of Article 91, and the first sentence of Article 106 of the Constitution of the Republic of […]

18.06.2021.

Information concerning the applications received and cases initiated at the Constitutional Court concerning restrictions related to the Covid-19 pandemic

Since emergency situation was declared in Latvia in the spring of 2020 until 16 June 2021 the Constitutional Court has received 33 applications pertaining to restrictions related to the Covid‑19 pandemic. 32 applications were constitutional complaints submitted by private persons (three of these applications were collective ones, with multiple applicants). One application was received from a municipal […]

18.06.2021.

Information regarding cases on the reform of the language of education

In 2018 the Parliament and the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia adopted and amended a series of legislative acts with the aim to promote the use of the official language in the educational process, starting with pre-school education and ending with higher education. Several issues pertaining to the reform of the language […]