Strong and independent Constitutional Court is an indispensable element in the development of Latvia as a democratic state governed by the rule of law. The Constitutional Court, being the guardian of the Satversme, defends the fundamental values and freedoms of all individuals in Latvia.

The judicial power protects justice as one of the fundamental values of a state governed by the rule of law and acts in society’s interests. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 12 November 2015 in Case No. 2015-06-01, Para 11.1.)

The Constitutional Court’s task is to ensure, in line with its competence, the existence of such legal system, in which, as fully and comprehensibly as possible, a regulation that is incompatible with the Satversme or legal norms (acts) of higher legal force would be eliminated, as well as to provide its assessment on constitutionally important matters. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 7 April 2009 in Case No. 2008-35-01, Para 11.2.)

The Preamble to the Satversme provides that the State of Latvia was established to ensure freedom and promote welfare of the people of Latvia and each individual. Thus, one of the State’s tasks is to promote the welfare of Latvia’s society. To this end, democratic state order has been created in Latvia. The most effective exercise of human rights and freedoms is possible in the conditions of democracy. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 2 July 2015 in Case No. 2015-01-01, Para 15.1.)

Human dignity and the value of each individual is the substance of human rights. Therefore, in a democratic state governed by the rule of law, both the legislator, in adopting legal norms, and the party applying the legal norms, in the application thereof, must respect human dignity. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 19 December 2017 in Case No. 2017-02-03, Para 19.1.)


News

04.12.2020.

A case initiated with respect to joining Ilūkste Region to Augšdaugava Region

On 1 December 2020, the 2nd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On Compliance of Sub-para 10.2., 10.6., 10.7., 10.8., 10.17., 10.18., 10.21. and 10.23. “Annex to the Law on Administrative Territories and Populated Areas “Administrative Territories, Administrative Centres thereof and the Units of Territorial Division”” with Article 1 and the Article 101 of the […]

24.11.2020.

The norms that define the duration of disbursing the parental and the childcare benefit to the parents of a prematurely born child comply with the first sentence of Article 91 and Article 110 of the Satversme

On 19 November 19, the Constitutional Court delivered the judgement in case “On Compliance of Para 2 of Section 104 (4) of the law “On Maternity and Sickness Insurance” and Section 7 (11) of “Law on State Social Allowances” with the first sentence of Article 91 and Article 110 of the Satversme of the Republic of Latvia”. The Contested Norms Para 2 of Section 104 (4) of […]

13.11.2020.

A provision that envisages the right to a child’s father to a leave in relation to the birth of a child is incompatible with the first sentence of Article 110 of the Satversme, insofar it does not envisage protection and support to a female partner of the child’s mother in relation to the birth of the child

On 12 November 2020, the Constitutional Court delivered the judgement in case No. 2019‑33‑01 “On the Compliance of Article 155(1) of the Labour Law with the First Sentence of Article 110 of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia”. The contested provision Article 155(1) of the Labour Law: “The father of a child is entitled to a leave […]

12.11.2020.

The Constitutional Court refers a question for preliminary ruling to the Court of Justice of the European Union regarding application of the value added tax in cases of enforced lease and suspends legal proceedings in the case

On 11 November 2020, the Constitutional Court decided to refer a question for preliminary ruling to the Court of Justice of the European Union (hereafter – CJEU) in order to deliver a ruling in the case No. 2020-24-01 “On Compliance of Sub-para “c” of Para 14 of Section 1 of Value Added Tax Law, insofar it Applies […]

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