Strong and independent Constitutional Court is an indispensable element in the development of Latvia as a democratic state governed by the rule of law. The Constitutional Court, being the guardian of the Satversme, defends the fundamental values and freedoms of all individuals in Latvia.

The judicial power protects justice as one of the fundamental values of a state governed by the rule of law and acts in society’s interests. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 12 November 2015 in Case No. 2015-06-01, Para 11.1.)

The Constitutional Court’s task is to ensure, in line with its competence, the existence of such legal system, in which, as fully and comprehensibly as possible, a regulation that is incompatible with the Satversme or legal norms (acts) of higher legal force would be eliminated, as well as to provide its assessment on constitutionally important matters. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 7 April 2009 in Case No. 2008-35-01, Para 11.2.)

The Preamble to the Satversme provides that the State of Latvia was established to ensure freedom and promote welfare of the people of Latvia and each individual. Thus, one of the State’s tasks is to promote the welfare of Latvia’s society. To this end, democratic state order has been created in Latvia. The most effective exercise of human rights and freedoms is possible in the conditions of democracy. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 2 July 2015 in Case No. 2015-01-01, Para 15.1.)

Human dignity and the value of each individual is the substance of human rights. Therefore, in a democratic state governed by the rule of law, both the legislator, in adopting legal norms, and the party applying the legal norms, in the application thereof, must respect human dignity. (The Constitutional Court’s Judgement of 19 December 2017 in Case No. 2017-02-03, Para 19.1.)


News

05.01.2022.

Another case initiated with respect to provisions governing the implementation of study programmes at higher education institutions and colleges in the official language

On 29 December 2021, the 3rd Panel of the Constitutional Court initiated the case “On compliance of Section 56(3), 56(4) and 56(5) of the Law on Institutions of Higher Education with Articles 105, 112 and 113 of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia”. The contested provisions Section 56(3) of the Law on Institutions of Higher Education […]

05.01.2022.

Norms providing for an administrative penalty for violation of the regulations regarding payment of road user charge comply with the Constitution

On 29 December 2021, the Constitutional Court adopted a judgment in Case No 2021‑09‑01 “On the compliance of Section 9.1(2) of the Law on the Road User Charge in the wording effective until 30 June 2020 and Section 149.40(2) of the Latvian Administrative Violations Code in the wording effective from 1 January 2017 to 30 June 2020 with Article 1 and the first […]

22.12.2021.

M. Koen Lenaerts, the President of the Court of Justice of the European Union is the special guest in the new podcast of the Constitutional court of Latvia

A special episode of the Constitutional Court podcast Tversme is available as today. The President of the Court of Justice of the European Union Koen Lenaerts discusses with Judge of the Court of Justice of the European Union, Judge and President of the Constitutional Court (2015-2020) Ineta Ziemele. This episode is specially dedicated to the […]

20.12.2021.

Regulation that does not allow for officials with special service ranks working in institutions of the system of the Ministry of the Interior and the Prisons Administration to receive appropriate remuneration for their work on public holidays does not comply with the Constitution

On 2 December 2021, the Constitutional Court adopted a judgment in case No 2021‑07‑01 “On the compliance of Article 14(6) of the Law on Remuneration of Officials and Employees of State and Local Government Authorities with Articles 91 and 107 of the Constitution of the Republic of Latvia”. The contested provision Article 14(6) of the […]

26.11.2021.

The experience sharing project between the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia and the Constitutional Court of Moldova ends

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia concludes the two months long experience sharing project with the Constitutional Court of Moldova. Within the framework of the project, the Constitutional Court’s employees and experts conducted several webinars to strengthen the capacity of the Constitutional Court of Moldova. In the framework of the experience sharing project, […]

10.11.2021.

Judges from the Constitutional Court of Moldova take part in experience sharing project at the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia

The Constitutional Court launches the second stage in the experience sharing project with the Constitutional Court of Moldova. President of the Constitutional Court of Moldova Domnica Manole and Judges Nicolae Roșca, Liuba Șova, Serghei Țurcan and Vladimir Țurcan participate in the project. In the framework of the project, Judges of the Constitutional Court of Moldova […]

01.11.2021.

The Constitutional Court terminates legal proceedings in the case regarding the highest special service rank set for a college director

On 28 October 2021, the Constitutional Court decided to terminate legal proceedings in case No. 2020-66-03 “On compliance of Annex 1 to Cabinet Regulation No 810 of 13 December 2016 on classification of offices of officials with special service ranks working in institutions of the Ministry of the Interior and the Prisons Administration, insofar as […]

28.10.2021.

The Constitutional Court concludes the first stage in the experience sharing project with the Constitutional Court of Moldova

With a discussion on the current judicature of constitutional courts, the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia concluded the first stage in the experience sharing project “Strengthening the Capacity of the Legal Service of the Constitutional Court of Moldova”. During the first stage of the project, nine lawyers from the Constitutional Court of Moldova […]

13.10.2021.

The Constitutional court of Latvia starts a project for exchange of experience with the Constitutional court of Moldova

The Constitutional court of Latvia starts a project for exchange of experience “Strengthening the Capacity of the Legal Service of the Constitutional court of Moldova”. During this project, the personnel of the Constitutional court and experts will provide several webinars with the aim to strengthen the capacity of the Constitutional court of Moldova. The aim […]

30.09.2021.

Challenges in the implementation of individual constitutional complaints are discussed in the bilateral conference of Lithuanian and Latvian Constitutional Courts

On 30 September – 1 October, the Constitutional Court of Lithuania organised the 16th annual bilateral conference “Challenges in the Implementation of Individual Constitutional Complaints” of the justices of the Constitutional Courts of Latvia and Lithuania. The friendship between the Constitutional Courts of Lithuania and Latvia has been lasting for 25 years. The cooperation started in […]

03.09.2021.

The Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia and the Court of Justice of the European Union lay flowers at the Freedom Monument and write a message in the Book of Freedom, paying tribute to freedom and the common European values of the rule of law

On Thursday, 2 September, Sanita Osipova, the President of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Latvia, and Koen Lenaerts, the President of the Court of Justice of the European Union, laid flowers at the Freedom Monument, thus paying tribute to the idea of freedom as a cornerstone of human fundamental rights. Freedom is one […]